Fruit is the sweet, fleshy, edible part of a plant. It generally contains seeds. Fruits are usually eaten raw, although some varieties can be cooked. They come in a wide variety of colours, shapes and flavours. Common types of fruits include for example :


  • Citrus – oranges, grapefruits, mandarins and limes
  • Apples and pears
  • Stone fruit – nectarines, apricots, peaches and plums
  • Melons – watermelons


Fruits can be processed into juices, jams, and jellies.


Fruits are important sources of dietary fibre, vitamins (especially vitamin C), and antioxidants. You will get the most health benefits and protection against disease if you eat a wide variety of fruits and vegetables. People who eat fruits as part of an overall healthy diet generally have a reduced risk of chronic disease, stroke and may protect against certain cancers. One to 2 cups of fruits are recommended each day, depending on how many calories you need.


Foods of similar colours generally contain similar protective compounds.

Try to eat a rainbow of colourful fruits and vegetables every day to get the full range of health benefits.

For example:
               Red foods – like tomatoes and watermelon. These contain lycopene, which is thought to be important for fighting prostate cancer and heart disease.